By Adam Cohen
Now in paperback comes the tale of Richard J. Daley, the final of the massive urban bosses, the patriarch of a political dynasty, and an important nationwide determine in American city politics. of images.
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Extra info for American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley - His Battle for Chicago and the Nation
On April 15, simply days after the election, Civil carrier fee head Stephen Hurley submitted his resignation, even supposing he had a yr ultimate on his agreement. Kennelly’s reform-minded Civil provider fee president had performed major harm to the machine’s patronage operations by way of bringing 12,000 political hires less than civil-service security. to exchange Hurley, Daley chosen his outdated buddy and political best friend William Lee. Reformers have been outraged via the appointment, simply because Lee used to be president of the Chicago Federation of work — a place he meant to maintain — and really represented 36,000 of the govt. employees who could fall below his jurisdiction. The Chicago Crime fee decried Lee’s choice as a clash of curiosity that used to be “wrong in precept. ” Daley cannily framed the reformers’ feedback as an assault on equipped exertions, and defended Lee’s choice by way of stating that unions represented “a huge section of our humans. ” 35 Lee’s maximum conflict-of-interest was once no longer his union place, however the incontrovertible fact that he didn't think within the civil-service approach he will be in control of selling. The Chicago hard work circulation that Lee got here out of used to be a bastion of favoritism and featherbedding. Its leaders have been males like “Umbrella” Mike Boyle, onetime head of the plumbers’ union, who received his nickname from his perform of striking up an open umbrella whilst he went out ingesting at his favourite saloon, utilizing it to gather political payoffs. Lee set the recent tone within the Civil provider fee with certainly one of his first hires: his personal twenty-seven-year-old nephew, Robert E. Lee Jr. , who turned a hard work examiner on his employees. Critics attacked the appointment as undisguised nepotism, yet Daley rushed to guard it. Daley declared that he had recognized the more youthful Lee and his relations for years and that “this guy is very good outfitted for this task. ” quite a bit, it appeared, for Daley’s promise to proceed Kennelly’s reform guidelines. Lee’s hiring of his kinfolk didn't finish along with his nephew. Robert E. Lee Sr. , father of the recent exertions examiner, was once assigned to paintings full-time as his brother’s bodyguard. 36 With Hurley out and Lee in, Daley may possibly commence the true paintings of undoing Kennelly’s civil-service reforms. He employed a expert named Fred Hoehler to contemplate attainable alterations within the city’s civil-service code. there has been, in fact, substantial room to enhance the civil-service approach — the laptop used to be nonetheless dealing with to put tens of hundreds of thousands of its political staff in patronage jobs. yet Hoehler’s options weren't to increase civil provider reform, yet to roll it again. Hoehler’s record discovered fault with “the extreme pressure with which civil carrier has been administered over the past few years. ” He advised rewriting the foundations to provide higher weight to oral examinations and not more to written exams. This used to be precisely the path Daley sought after civil carrier to maneuver in, seeing that oral examinations have been extra subjective, and made it more straightforward for employers to offer choice to politically hooked up candidates.