Defiant Diplomat: George Platt Waller: American Consul in Nazi-Occupied Luxembourg, 1939-1941

Drafted whereas occasions have been clean in his brain in 1942–1943, Alabama-born American diplomat George Platt Waller’s memoir chronicles his war-time event within the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. In shiny prose, he recollects the outbreak of worldwide warfare II in September 1939, the “Phony War,” the German invasion of may perhaps 10, 1940, and the Wehrmacht career. in detail concerned with the political and public lifetime of this small democratic kingdom, Waller didn't stick with Grand Duchess Charlotte and her executive into exile. in its place, he remained so long as he might to witness and champion the Luxembourg humans, doing his top to rescue the flood of refugees looking visas and asylum within the usa. Waller bitterly condemns the Nazi civilian management, its oppressive racial legislation, and its makes an attempt to annex the rustic to Germany below the banner of Heim ins Reich.

From his pivotal place as dean of the diplomatic group, consultant of the strong usa; and relied on confidant of leaders, executives, and voters alike, Waller was once aware about info from quite a lot of resources: executive, army, the church, the professions, the resistance, usual humans, and refugees. He narrates gripping bills of person initiative and braveness and exposes the numerous legitimate obstacles to the well timed rescue of refugees. His observations shed new mild on lifestyles in Luxembourg from 1939 to 1941, whilst he was once ultimately expelled from the country.

The editors’ creation areas this short yet hugely major memoir within the context of Waller’s kinfolk historical past, schooling, and profession, together with his dramatic go back to Luxembourg at its liberation through American troops in 1944 and his participation within the Grand Duchy’s postwar renaissance. broad annotations and pictures supplement the textual content.

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Extra resources for Defiant Diplomat: George Platt Waller: American Consul in Nazi-Occupied Luxembourg, 1939-1941

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Waller reviews on 1 July that he had got a message within the type of a solution within the German language, from Reuter, the President of the Chamber of Deputies, and it was once destined for HRH and Her best Minister Dupong. See Heath, Berlin, to nation, T. , 6 July 1940, #2395, and next correspondence Hull, Washington, to Berlin, T. , nine July 1940, #1917 that the message was once being despatched; nation to Lisbon [Pell], T. , eleven July 1940, #156 directing supply of message of the Parliamentary fee; Hull, Washington, to Berlin, T. , 15 July 1940, #1957 that the message have been brought and the confident respond to be communicated to Waller; dossier 850A. 01/35 RG59 NARA. without doubt Waller did urge Ambassador Cudahy and connecté Gade to hold a duplicate of the solution. Haag and Krier, los angeles Grande-Duchesse, 191–92, reproduce a rfile they name “message de George Platt Waller” and characteristic Gade as emissary. Arriving in Lisbon through Cologne, Berne, Rome and Barcelona, Gade advised the grand duchess that “prominent electorate left at the back of in Her duchy had charged me to beg Her to come back once attainable lest the throne be misplaced to Her residence. ” Gade, All My Born Days, 380. eight. See Waller to Kirk, Berlin, 15 July 1940, dossier 123 RG84 NARA for the specific directions to expedite finalizing the specified preparations. greater than the standard paintings of the consulate occupied nowadays. on the dictate of the govt. fee Waller himself typed their Parliamentary solution in respond to request of 15 may possibly from American embassy Paris to Berlin embassy for a common document on stipulations within the Grand Duchy from the grand duchess. One replica of this solution urging the go back of the monarch was once got by means of open mail in Berlin on four July, precipitating Heath’s telegram to country, #2395 and accelerated by means of Kirk, Berlin, to nation, nine July 1940, dossier 850A. 01/42 RG59 NARA. within the reproduction despatched to kingdom, 30 June 1940 (received in Washington 19 August) dossier 850A. 00/91 RG59 NARA, Waller essentially acknowledged that “the memorandum which, it's going to be repeated, doesn't inevitably replicate my own critiques, yet does convey the opinion of ninety nine percentage of the inhabitants of Luxembourg. ” To Waller, this attempt was once yet one other expression of his assumed tasks to aid the Luxembourgers, within the similar demeanour he was once conserving the French and Belgians in his cost. For them he used to be always trying to find funds—30,000 to 40,000 Lx fr to begin with—to meet pension and allocation duties to a couple 1,300 Belgian matters and 1,500 French voters as “I am no longer disposed to improve huge sums to overseas governments from my inner most handbag. ” Waller to Ambassador [Bullitt], Paris, 25 June 1940, and Waller to Kirk, Berlin, 1 July 1940, dossier 704 RG84 NARA. thankfully Senden, an skilled clerk from Antwerp arrived to exchange the repatriated Pawels. Waller to country, 1 July 1940, dossier one hundred twenty five. three RG84 NARA. This relieved just a little the urgent difficulties of immigration and the necessity of the representatives of the Jewish neighborhood to set up investment from the yankee Joint Distribution Committee.

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