Astronomy Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Astronomy (Science Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Science, Volume 1)

By Helaine Selin, Sun Xiaochun

Astronomy throughout Cultures: A background of Non-Western Astronomy involves essays facing the astronomical wisdom and ideology of cultures open air the us and Europe. as well as articles surveying Islamic, chinese language, local American, Aboriginal Australian, Polynesian, Egyptian and Tibetan astronomy, between others, the booklet contains essays on Sky stories and Why We inform Them and Astronomy and Prehistory, and Astronomy and Astrology. The essays tackle the connections among technological know-how and tradition and relate astronomical practices to the cultures which produced them. every one essay is definitely illustrated and comprises an vast bibliography. as the geographic variety is worldwide, the booklet fills a niche in either the heritage of technological know-how and in cultural experiences. it may discover a position at the bookshelves of complex undergraduate scholars, graduate scholars, and students, in addition to in libraries serving these teams.

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R-/1 ,f, •. f web site 50-20-97-110BU (1) '--~-'I 20 eM determine 12 The Loa'a boulder at the island of Kaho'olawe, this huge, horizontally-oriented stone is marked with twelve petroglyphs, 4 traces, and thirty-two cupules round the perimeter. The stone itself is comparatively flat and rests on a typical pedestal. It resonates while tapped with a stone, giving out a bell-like peal. representation via Edward Stasack, from Edward Stasack and Georgia Lee, The Petrogiyphs of" Kaho'o/awe, 1993. Used with the type permission of the illustrator. 122 MICHAEL E. CHAUVIN yet simply because there has been no information regarding the authorship of the petroglyphs, their meanings - astronomical or differently - remained elusive. Aki Sinoto's paintings on Kaho'olawe was once equally tantalizing and equally inconclusive. He provided the result of an archaeological overview of 2 Kaho'olawe websites that have been in particular singled out through Johnson for his or her attainable astronomical value. either have been situated in components of the island that had astronomically suggestive names: one was once known as Makali'i (the Hawaiian identify for the Pleiades), the opposite Makakilo (possibly which means 'sky-watcher'). on the Makali'i website Sinoto situated a conspicuous normal function - a weathered and approximately cylindrical boulder, status approximately 3 meters excessive and characterised as 'anthropomorphic' as a result of its face-like visual appeal, yet no facts of cultural job used to be came upon. proof of human job was once, even though, considerable on the Makakilo website, together with the continues to be of walled, oval platform incorporating outcrops and big boulders and measuring five. five meters north-to-south and seven. five meters east-to-west. the data of the lifestyles of a posh and hugely refined conventional method of celestial remark including an infrastructure of a community of artifical and ordinary beneficial properties that served as observatories and reference issues, will offer for the archaeologist one other method for the translation of website functionality. (Sinoto, 1993: 12) Karen Meech and Francis Warther studied Kauai, an island the place there as soon as was once a heiau to Laka, the relevant goddess of the hula. They argued that the heiau's astronomical importance were preserved within the unwritten reminiscence of the hula: it was once merely after the hidden which means (kaona) of a selected historical hula chant used to be safely resolved that the heiau - and its attendant 'cosmological purpose(s)' - will be rightly understood. the mantra tells the tale of a trip to Ni'ihau - Kauai's neighboring island to the southwest - via Laka in her manifestation as Kapo-'ula-kina'u, Kapoof-the-red-streak. The stopover at happens on the time of the summer time solstice - and the summer time solstice dawn, as noticeable from the Ka-Uno-Ka-Ha hula platform on Ni'ihau, happens towards the Ka-Ulu-A-Paoa heiau on Kauai - a heiau that comes with one other hula platform, or altar (ahu), to Laka. In sum, the mantra turns out to talk of 2 hula structures on separate islands which are aligned to the summer season solstice dawn.

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