The Rape of Europa: The Fate of Europe's Treasures in the Third Reich and the Second World War

By Lynn H. Nicholas

Winner of the nationwide e-book Critics Circle Award

The actual tale in the back of the most important movie The Monuments Men. the forged of characters comprises Hitler and Goering, Gertrude Stein and Marc Chagall--not to say works by way of artists from Leonardo da Vinci to Pablo Picasso. And the tale advised during this fantastically researched and suspenseful ebook is that of the 3rd Reich's conflict on eu tradition and the Allies' determined attempt to maintain it.

From the Nazi purges of "Degenerate artwork" and Goering's buying sprees in occupied Paris to the perilous trip of the Mona Lisa from Paris and the painstaking reclamation of the invaluable treasures of liberated Italy, The Rape of Europa is a sweeping narrative of greed, philistinism, and heroism that mixes superlative scholarship with a compelling drama.

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Five million, a whole million greater than its appraised worth. Rumors that Goudstikker was once seriously in debt made this excessive cost look average and Miedl made a suggestion. At this element all turns into murky. it's not transparent to today if Miedl was once performing in collusion with Hofer, the Goudstikker proprietors, neither, or either; however it is an issue of checklist that the agreement of sale was once signed via Hofer, and that Miedl paid DFl 550,000 and obtained the genuine property: fortress Nyenrode and the Villa Oostermeer, one other Goudstikker estate at the Amstel River (contents included), the Amsterdam gallery, and the firm’s identify. Goering, who contributed DFl 2 million, bought a few 600 work, between them the 9 Rubenses and the Cranach bought by means of Miedl on his buying journey with Hofer and the 4 little angels which Goudstikker had so lately lent to the Memling convey. It was once no discount for the Reichsmarschall, even though he thought of it one. At Nuremberg he may testify that he had believed the enterprise to be worthy DFl five million, that is the quantity Miedl had at the start attempted to get out of Goering’s employees. After the (in truth) no longer so huge, immense money owed have been paid off, and the “owners” were given huge bonuses and assurances of endured employment, a substantial volume used to be invested in high-grade securities, selected with assistance from banker Koenigs, within the identify of Desi Goudstikker. Miedl controlled to guard this fund from the corporations confiscating Jewish resources through the warfare; he additionally supported and guarded Goudstikker’s mom. This altruism used to be a bit offset via Miedl’s precautionary degree of placing Villa Oostermeer within the names of his personal young ones, which might appear to point out that he didn't anticipate Desi Goudstikker to come every time quickly. After Goering had taken care of out the mass of work, Miedl got again the residue. within the subsequent 4 years he might promote a few DFl 6 million worthy of paintings to his countrymen from his new emporium. Hofer got 1000s extra photographs in Holland and Belgium. over and over an go out visa or a few certain kind of check or security was once a part of the deal. A Freiherr von Palm bought a Lochner Nativity for money plus targeted woodland land in Württemberg. Frau von Pannwitz, an Argentine nationwide and member of the German jet set in Holland, who had formerly entertained Goering at her condo and offered him a number of drawings correct off the wall, sought after a visa for Switzerland. Goering obligingly got her Rembrandt, Portrait of an previous guy donning a Turban, and 4 different photographs which he had spotted on the ceremonial dinner, for DFl 390,000, gave her the visa, and positioned her condominium off limits to troops. the remainder of her assortment stayed in garage on the Rijksmuseum—which was once high quality with Goering, who absolutely meant to take it over if Argentina declared struggle on Germany. fifty three If the Reichsmarschall displayed a definite noblesse oblige on those events, he was once no longer forgiving while he used to be the supplicant. quickly after the German takeover, the Belgian Emile Renders had allow or not it's identified that he may promote his choice of a few twenty really nice, if a little retouched, early Flemish works if the customer might conform to hold them jointly.

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