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Extra info for Starfinder: The Complete Beginner's Guide to Exploring the Night Sky
15! 2)53 -IRA ª0° 2IGEL nª –10° #! 02)#/2. fifty three &OMALHAUT Positions of the planets This chart indicates the positions of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn in December from 2007 to 2012. The planets are represented by way of colored dots, whereas the quantity contained in the dot shows the yr. For all planets except Mercury, the dot exhibits the planet’s place on 15 December. Mercury is proven purely while it's at maximum elongation (see p. 14) – for the categorical date of elongation, confer with the desk at the dealing with web page. Mercury Venus Mars Jupiter Saturn EXAMPLES Mars’s place on 15 December 2009 Saturn’s place on 15 December 2009. The arrow exhibits that the planet is in retrograde movement (see p. 14) sixty nine Hyades and Pleiades 6pm four! 5253 E R M B C E D E Canopus taking a look north, the spring constellations Aquarius, Pisces, and Pegasus are relocating in the direction of the western horizon because the summer season stars upward thrust within the east. The upside-down determine of Orion, the hunter, publicizes that summer season is nearly right here. it truly is flanked by means of Taurus to its reduce left and Canis significant to the correct. under is the constellation Gemini, the twins. the 2 vivid stars that mark their heads, Castor and Pollux, are close to the northeastern horizon. Their legs aspect upwards to Orion. Taurus is front element of a bull, which, from southern latitudes, is visible dealing with east, the path it has come from. Its shoulders and head are with reference to the horizon, and its forelegs aspect as much as the sky overhead. The Pleiades (M45), one of many most interesting open clusters within the sky, marks the bull’s shoulder. Six of its stars are discernible with the bare eye; the keen-sighted may even see seven, which provides upward thrust to the cluster’s substitute identify, the Seven Sisters. Many extra are seen with optical relief. The bull’s face is shaped of a moment, V-shaped cluster, the Hyades. greater than a dozen of its stars are seen to the bare eye. The unrelated pink big name Aldebaran represents one eye. Eridanus, the river, is overhead. Its meandering direction is traced from Orion’s vivid celebrity, Rigel, a blue supergiant of value zero. 18. It flows overhead, then in the direction of the southern horizon, preventing at Achernar at correct of due south. Brilliantwhite Canopus (in Carina) is to the left of Achernar. among them, yet in the direction of the horizon, are galaxies: the massive and Small Magellanic Clouds. The brightest famous person of all, Sirius in Canis significant, shines excessive within the east. Sirius is one nook of a triangle of stars within the east; the opposite are Betelgeuse in Orion and Procyon in Canis Minor. nª –20° nª –30° three! ')44! 2)53 3HAULA nª –40° nª –50° Index A 70 Achernar 21, forty seven, sixty three, sixty five, sixty seven, sixty nine Acux fifty three Albireo fifty six, sixty three Alcor 12, fifty four Aldebaran 17, forty six, sixty eight, sixty nine Algedi sixty three Algol 17, sixty six, sixty seven Alkaid 12 Alpha Centauri fifty one, fifty three, fifty five, sixty one Alpheratz sixty five Altair 20, 56–8, 60–63, sixty five, sixty six Andromeda forty eight, 64–8 Andromeda Galaxy 7, 17, 19, 64–7 Antares fifty four, fifty six, fifty seven, fifty nine obvious importance 12 Aquarius eleven, fifty five, sixty two, sixty three, sixty nine Aquila 20, 57–60 Arcturus 20, 51–8 Aries eleven, sixty seven asterisms thirteen asteroids 6, 24, 25, forty-one, forty three astronauts 29 surroundings Jupiter 37 Neptune forty Saturn 38 Titan 25 Uranus forty Venus 33 Auriga 46–8, fifty two Aurora Australis 27 Aurora Borealis 27 prevented imaginative and prescient 18 B barred-spiral galaxies 17 Bayer approach thirteen Beehive Cluster forty eight Beta Centauri fifty one, fifty three, sixty one Beta Crucis fifty three Betelgeuse thirteen, 17, 21, 47–9, sixty nine significant Dipper 12, thirteen, fifty two, fifty six binary stars 17 binoculars 19 watching the sunlight 27 Blue Snowball sixty five Bode’s Galaxy 12, 50 Boötes 20, forty six, 51–7 Brahms Crater (Mercury) 32 vivid nebulae 17 brightness, stars 12 Butterfly Cluster 17, fifty seven C Callisto 37 Caloris Basin (Mercury) 32 melanoma eleven, 48–50 Canis significant forty six, forty eight, forty nine, sixty seven, sixty nine Dubhe 12, 20, fifty four Dumbbell Nebula sixty one airborne dirt and dust clouds sixteen, 17 dwarf planets 25, forty-one Canis Minor 46–8, fifty one Canopus 21, forty nine, fifty one, sixty nine Capella 21, 46–8, fifty two, sixty two, sixty four, sixty eight Capricornus eleven, sixty two, sixty three Carina forty seven, forty nine, fifty one, fifty three, sixty seven Cassini department (Saturn) 38, 39 Cassiopeia 20, forty six, forty eight, 50, fifty two, fifty eight, 60, sixty four, sixty six Castor 20, 46–8, fifty two, fifty four, sixty nine celestial sphere 8–9, eleven Centaurus 21, forty seven, forty nine, 53–5, fifty seven, sixty one, sixty three Cepheid variables sixty two Cepheus eleven, fifty eight, sixty two, sixty four, sixty six Ceres 25, forty-one, forty three Cetus 66–8 Charon forty-one chromosphere (Sun) 27 circumpolar stars nine, 10 clusters galaxies sixteen stars 17 Coalsack Nebula fifty one, fifty three, fifty seven Comet Borrelly forty two Comet Hale–Bopp 25 Comet McNaught forty two, forty three Comet Tempel 1 forty two Comet Tempel–Tuttle forty three comets 6, 24, 25, 42–3 conjunctions (planets) 14, 15 constellations 10, eleven, 12–13 Copernicus Crater (Moon) 31 Corona Australis fifty nine Corona Borealis fifty eight Crab Nebula sixty eight craters Mars 35 Mercury 32 Moon 28–31 Crux eleven, 21, forty seven, forty nine, 51–5, fifty seven, sixty one, sixty three Cygnus 20, fifty four, fifty six, 58–60, sixty two Cygnus Rift sixty one D Dactyl forty three darkish Horse sixteen darkish nebulae 17 Deep impression spacecraft forty two Delta Aquarid meteor bathe fifty nine Deneb 20, fifty four, fifty six, fifty eight, 60–63, sixty five, sixty six Denebola fifty one Dione 38 distances 6, 7 Dorado sixty five Double Cluster sixty eight double stars 17 Draco fifty eight Dragon hurricane (Saturn) 39 EF Earth 6 celestial sphere 8–9 seasons nine, 10 sunlight method 24, 25 spin nine, 10 eclipses 15, 27, 31 ecliptic eight, nine, eleven elliptical galaxies 17 power (Sun) 27 equator, celestial eight equinoxes nine Eridanus forty seven, sixty three, sixty nine Eris 25, forty-one Eta Aquarid meteor bathe fifty five Eta Carinae Nebula fifty one Europa 36, 37 eyes, avoided imaginative and prescient 18 Flamsteed, John thirteen Flamsteed numbers thirteen Fomalhaut sixty three, sixty five, sixty seven Fornax Cluster sixteen G galaxies five, 6, 17 clusters sixteen elliptical 17 abnormal 17 neighborhood team 7 Milky means Galaxy 6, 7, 16–17 spiral 12, 17 superclusters 7, sixteen Galilean moons (Jupiter) 37 Ganymede 25, 37 gasoline clouds 17 Gemini eleven, 20, 21, forty six, forty seven, forty nine, 52–54, sixty six, sixty eight, sixty nine Geminid meteor bathe sixty eight globular clusters, stars 17 gravity galaxies sixteen, 17 in sunlight 27 nice darkish Spot (Neptune) forty nice purple Spot (Jupiter) 36, 37 nice sq. of Pegasus 64–7 Grus sixty five, sixty seven HIJK Hadar 21, sixty one Halley’s Comet fifty five helium 27 Helix Nebula 17, sixty three Hercules thirteen, 56–9 Horsehead Nebula 17 Hubble area Telescope 6 Hyades superstar cluster forty six, sixty eight, sixty nine Hydra eleven, forty-one, fifty two, fifty three hydrogen 27 IC 434 (bright nebula) thirteen ice caps (Mars) 35 Ida forty three interstellar area 24 Io 37 abnormal galaxies 17 Jewel field fifty three, fifty seven Jupiter 6, 36–7 alignments 15 beneficial properties 37 moons 25, 37 occultation 15 gazing 14, 37 spin 24, 37 Kasei Vallis (Mars) 35 Keystone thirteen, fifty seven Kuiper Belt 7, 24, 25, forty-one L Lagoon Nebula 17, fifty nine huge Magellanic Cloud 17, sixty five, sixty seven, sixty nine lava plains on Mars 35 on Moon 29 Leo eleven, thirteen, 20, 48–55 Leonid meteor bathe forty three, sixty six Libra eleven mild years 7 line-of-sight impact 12 Little Dipper fifty six Little pink Spot (Jupiter) 37 neighborhood crew 7, sixteen, sixty four neighborhood Supercluster sixteen lunar eclipses 15, 31 Lupus sixty one Lyra 20, fifty two, fifty four, fifty six, 60 Lyrid meteor bathe fifty two M M1 (Crab Nebula) sixty eight M6 (Butterfly Cluster) 17, fifty seven, fifty nine M7 (star cluster) fifty seven, fifty nine M8 (Lagoon Nebula) 17, fifty nine M13 (star cluster) fifty six, fifty seven M15 (star cluster) sixty four M24 (star cluster) fifty nine M27 (Dumbbell Nebula) sixty one M31 (Andromeda Galaxy) 7, 17, 19, 64–7 M36 (star cluster) forty six M38 (star cluster) forty six M42 (Orion Nebula) thirteen, forty seven M44 (Beehive Cluster) forty eight M45 (Pleiades) 21, sixty eight, sixty nine M57 (Ring Nebula) fifty four, sixty one M81 (Bode’s Galaxy) 12, 50 M82 (spiral galaxy) 50 M87 (elliptical galaxy) 17 M97 (Owl Nebula) 12 M101 (Pinwheel Galaxy) 12 M104 (Sombrero Galaxy) fifty three Maat Mons (Venus) 33 McNaught, Robert forty two magnitude, stars 12 major Belt 25, forty-one Mars 34–5 alignments 15 positive factors 35 gazing 14, 35 retrograde movement 14, 35 sunlight method 25 Merak 20, fifty four Mercury 25 alignments 15 gains 32 staring at 14, 32–3 orbit 24 transit throughout solar 15, 33 Messier, Charles thirteen Messier Catalogue thirteen meteor showers forty three Delta Aquarid fifty nine Eta Aquarid fifty five Geminid sixty eight Leonid forty three, sixty six Lyrid fifty two Orionid sixty four Perseid 60 Quadrantid forty six Taurid sixty six meteorites forty three meteors forty three Milky method Galaxy 6, 7, 16–17, 21 Mira sixty six, sixty seven Mizar 12, fifty four Monoceros forty nine Moon 6, 14, 28–31 craters 28–31 distance from Earth 7 eclipses 15, 27, 31 watching 30–31 occultation of stars 15 stages 29 constitution 29 terminator 31 moons 25 Jupiter 37 Neptune forty Pluto forty-one Saturn 38, 39 NO N66 (bright nebula) five nebulae 17 Neptune 14, 24, 25, forty New common Catalogue (NGC) thirteen NGC 869 (Double Cluster) sixty eight NGC 884 (Double Cluster) sixty eight NGC 1300 (barred spiral) 17 NGC 1981 (star cluster) forty seven NGC 2244 (star cluster) forty nine NGC 3372 (Eta Carinae Nebula) fifty one NGC 4594 (Sombrero Galaxy) fifty three NGC 4755 (Jewel field) fifty three, fifty seven NGC 5139 (Omega Centauri) 17, fifty five, fifty seven NGC 7293 (Helix Nebula) 17, sixty three NGC 7662 (Blue Snowball) sixty five Nix forty-one Northern lighting fixtures 27 occultation (planets) 15 Olympus Mons (Mars) 35 Omega Centauri 17, fifty five, fifty seven Oort Cloud 7, 24, 25, forty three open clusters, stars 17 Ophiuchus eleven, fifty four, fifty five, fifty eight, fifty nine oppositions (planets) 35, 37 orbits planets 14, 24 Pluto forty-one Orion nine, eleven, thirteen, 18, 21, 46–7, 50, fifty one, 65–9 Orion Nebula thirteen, forty seven Orionid meteor bathe sixty four Owl Nebula 12 PQ Pavo sixty five, sixty seven Pegasus sixty two, sixty four, sixty five, sixty seven, sixty nine Perseid meteor bathe 60 Perseus forty eight, 60, 66–8 levels, of Moon 29 Phoebe 25 Phoenix sixty five, sixty seven photosphere (Sun) 27 Pinwheel Galaxy 12 Pisces eleven, 66–9 Piscis Austrinus sixty five planetary nebulae 12, 17 planets alignments 15 brightness 12 distance from Earth 7 dwarf planets 25, forty-one ecliptic eight, nine, eleven at elongation 14, 32 gasoline giants 25 moons 25 at competition 14, 35, 37 orbits 14, 24 retrograde movement 14, 35, 37, 39 earrings 25 rocky planets 25 sunlight approach 6, 14–15, 24 see additionally person planets Pleiades (Seven Sisters) 21, sixty eight, sixty nine Plough 12, thirteen, 20, 50, fifty two, fifty four, fifty six Pluto 25, forty-one Polaris (Pole famous person) 12, 20, forty six, 50, fifty two, fifty four, fifty six, sixty two, sixty four poles, celestial eight, nine Pollux 46–8, fifty two, fifty four, sixty nine Praesepe forty eight Procyon 21, 46–9, fifty one, fifty three, sixty nine prominences (Sun) 26 Proxima Centauri 7, fifty five, sixty one Puppis forty nine Quadrantid meteor bathe forty six R crimson giants 17 purple supergiants 17 regolith 29 Regulus 20, 50, fifty one, fifty three retrograde movement 14, 35, 37, 39 Rigel thirteen, 21, sixty nine Rigil Kentaurus 21, sixty one Ring Nebula fifty four, sixty one jewelry 25 Jupiter 37 Neptune forty Saturn 23, 25, 38, 39 Uranus forty rocks, Moon 29 Rosette Nebula forty nine S Sagittarius eleven, sixteen, 57–61, sixty three Saskia Crater (Venus) 33 Saturn 25, 38–9 alignments 15 distance from Earth 7 beneficial properties 38 moons 38, 39 looking at 14, 19, 39 jewelry 23, 25, 38, 39 Scorpius eleven, fifty one, 53–9, sixty one, sixty three seasons nine, 10 Serpens fifty five taking pictures stars forty three Sickle thirteen Sinus Iridum (Moon) 31 Sirius 12, 21, 46–9, fifty one, 67–9 Small Magellanic Cloud five, sixty one, sixty three, sixty five, sixty seven, sixty nine sunlight eclipses 15, 27 sun method 6, 7, 14–15, 24–5 Sombrero Galaxy fifty three Southern lighting 27 sphere, celestial 8–9 Spica 20, 50–55 spicules (Sun) 26 spiral galaxies 12, 17 stars 6, 17 asterisms thirteen brightness 12 celestial sphere 8–9 circumpolar stars nine, 10 constellations 10, eleven, 12–13 distance from Earth 7, 12 naming and numbering thirteen night-time sky adjustments 10 star-forming areas five megastar hopping 20–21 see additionally galaxies; sunlight and person stars storms on Jupiter 36, 37 on Saturn 39 summer time Triangle 20, fifty six, 60–63, sixty six solar 26–7 sunlight hours sky alterations 10 distance from Earth 7 eclipses 15, 27 ecliptic eight, nine, eleven gazing 27 planetary transits 15, 33 solar (continued) sun method 6, 14–15, 24 constitution 27 zodiac eleven superclusters, galaxies 7, sixteen supergiant stars 17 T Tarantula Nebula sixty five Taurid meteor bathe sixty six Taurus eleven, 21, 46–8, 65–9 Teapot fifty nine telescopes 19 Hubble area Telescope 6 staring at the solar 27 Tethys 38 Tharsis Bulge (Mars) 34, 35 Titan 25 transits 15, 33 Trapezium thirteen Triton forty Tucana sixty one, sixty three, sixty five, sixty seven forty seven Tucanae sixty one, sixty three, sixty five Tycho Crater (Moon) 31 U Universe, distances 6, 7 Uranus 14, 24, 25, forty Ursa significant 12, 20, forty six, forty eight, 50, fifty two, fifty four, fifty eight, sixty two, sixty eight Ursa Minor forty six, forty eight, fifty six, fifty eight, sixty eight V Valles Marineris (Mars) 34, 35 variable stars 17 Vega 20, fifty two, fifty four, 56–66 Vela forty nine, fifty one Venus 15, 25 brightness 12 distance from Earth 7 positive factors 33 staring at 14, 32–3 orbit 24 stages 33 transit of 15 Virgo eleven, 20, 50–55 Virgo Cluster 7 imaginative and prescient, avoided 18 volcanoes on Mars 34, 35 on Venus 33 Vulpecula sixty one WXYZ water (Mars) 35 wind streaks (Venus) 33 iciness Triangle 21, forty eight, forty nine zodiac 10, eleven seventy one Acknowledgments Dorling Kindersley want to thank Heather McCarry for layout consultancy and David Hughes for his contribution to the sections on Mercury, Venus, and the Moon.